Risk factors of fall and fracture

Fall is the main cause of fracture in elderly. According to our previous research study, over 90% of fractures were due to fall. When age increase, the probability of suffering osteoporosis also increase. Bone become fragile and the chance of fracture after falling also increase.

Most of the fall accidents appeared at home or in elderly hostal. Second is leisure park, road and other outdoor areas. There are many risk factors of fall in elderly, they are mainly individual risk facutre and environmental factures.


Individual Risk Fracture

  • Deterioration of sensation and proprioception
  • Decrease in balance
  • Decrease in muscle strength
  • Sickness such as cataract, Parkinson's Disease, Cerebral Vascular Disease
  • Inappropriate use of walking aids
  • Psychological factors such as emotion, character, self confidence and negligence


Environmental Factors

  • Slippy floor surface
  • Insufficient lighting
  • Too many objects
  • Uneven floor surface
  • Unstable chair
  • Improper use of carpet



Taking of sleeping pills, pain killers, tranquilizers, antihypertensive drugs and etc. may cause dizziness, fainting, sleepiness and increase chances of fall

Chinese medicine also have its side effect and should be taken under doctor's instruction