Frequent Ask Questions
Am I at high risk of fall?

Fall risk screening is a simple screening test to assess the fall risk in elderly and provide information for follow up intervention.

1. Fall history

The risk of fall increase if the elderly experienced one or more previous fall. According to previous study, about 25% elderly experience recurrent fall.

Calculation method:

2. Medical history and medication

Taking medication for hypertension, sleeplessness or diabetes may cause fainting in some elderly and increase the risk of fall. Medical conditions such as stroke and Parkinson's disease would also affect the balance and movement of the elderly and may increase the risk of fall.

Calculation method:

3. Lower limb strength assessment

Elderly under test is required to get up from a stable chair within 2 seconds. Sufficient lower limb strength is required to complete this test.

Calculation method:

4. Balance assessment

Elderly under test should keep the tandem stand posture for 30 sec.

Calculation method:

5. Reaction assessment

The assessor should hold a rod (about 1 feet) above the hand of the elderly. The assessor will drop the rod suddenly and the elderly should catch the rod as quick as possible.

Calculation method:

Total Score

Type of Fall Risk

6 marks or above

The risk of fall is high

5 marks or below

The risk of fall is low


1. Chu LW, Chi I and Chiu AYY: Incidence and Predictors of Falls in the Chinese Elderly. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2005;34:60-72.